Openly gay Justice Michael Kirby retired Monday from the High Court of Australia after 13 years of servie, often in dissent, and five weeks short of his 70th birthday when retirement from Australia's highest court is mandatory.
From Australia's Herald Sun with HT to UK Gay News:
Almost all his life he's been a boundlessly energetic reader, writer, speaker and all round engager in public issues - starting with Sydney University where, on his way to four degrees, he was president of the Student Representative Council and the university union.
His biographer, A J Brown of Griffith University, says he was heavily influenced at university by Julius Stone, who believed the law should be put into its social and economic contexts. By the late 1960s he was active in the NSW Council of Civil Liberties.
In 1975 Kirby was appointed a deputy president of the Conciliation and Arbitration Commission and first chair of the new Australian Law Reform Commission. Brown says he could have made the new body a technical forum where lawyers talked about lawyers' problems.Instead, with his flair for publicity, he gave it a high profile as an agency engaged in the intersection of the law with the issues of the day. An example was its work on privacy, which became the basis of the public sector's privacy regime and was later expanded to private companies.
After a brief stint on the federal Court, he became president of the NSW Court of Appeal in 1984. Kirby nailed his colours to the mast early by finding, in the Osmond case, that citizens have a common law right to be given reasons for government decisions affecting them. It was a classic piece of judicial activism that was overturned by the High Court. He also made the court more collegial with innovations like breakfasts where he plied his fellow judges with raisin toast.
He never found such congeniality on the High Court, to which the Keating government, shortly before its defeat, appointed him in February 1996. Over the following years he became the court's best known figure, mainly because of his dissents and his innumerable speeches - over his career more than 2,000 published and no-one knows how many others.
Director of the Gilbert+Tobin Centre for Public Law at the University of NSW Andrew Lynch says Kirby's overall dissent rate was about 33 per cent, and up to 50 per cent in some years. Lynch says Kirby's defining methodology was that of an internationalist who refused to see Australian law in isolation from overseas ideas, particularly in relation to human rights. Brown says Kirby is regarded as much less radical in Europe than Australia.
Kirby himself has said he's inspired by a love of fellow human beings and a duty to do, within the law, what he can to prevent the pain and misery that injustice can cause.
In 2004 alone, his dissents included attempts to limit: - The power of federal authorities to detain indefinitely a stateless person who couldn't return to his own country; - the power of federal officials potentially to expel many British subjects as aliens;- the power of state parliaments to engage judges in the indefinite detention of prisoners who have completed their jail sentences; and - the expansion of the powers of military tribunals over civilian-type offences.
Kirby's sexuality - though he only made his long partnership with Johan van Vloten public in 1999 - was one of the wellsprings of his human rights concerns. One of his worst moments came when Liberal senator Bill Heffernan used parliamentary privilege to accuse Kirby of misusing his commonwealth car entitlements and of kerb crawling for under-age male prostitutes. Heffernan's evidence was forged and he had to apologise. Kirby accepted it gracefully. As ever, whatever the provocation or dispute, he was courteous.
Kirby's extra-judicial activities were legion. They included president of the International Commission of Jurists, UN Special Representative in Cambodia, member of the ethics committee of the Human Genome Organisation, and a member of expert international panels on AIDS, privacy and data security.